Guoyong Mao

Google Scholar Link;

ResearchGate Link


Soft Materials Lab, Linz Institute of Technology, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Strasse 69, 4040 Linz, Austria.

Working experience

  • University Assistant, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria. Martin Kaltenbrunner Group, 2019.12-current
  • Post-doc, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria. Martin Kaltenbrunner Group,2018.10-2019.11
  • Research Assitant, Zhejiang University, China, Shaoxing Qu Group,2018.7-2018.10


  • Ph.D. Solid Mechanics, Zhejiang University, China. Shaoxing Qu Group,2013.09-2018.06
  • Visiting Student, Harvard University, USA. Zhigang Suo Group,2015.11-2016.10
  • B.Eng. Engineering Mechanics, Zhejiang University, China,2009.09-2013.06

Honors and Rewards

  • Outstanding Graduates of Zhejiang University (2018)
  • National Scholarship for Doctoral Students (2015)
  • Outstanding Graduates of Zhejiang University & Zhejiang Province(2013)
  • National Scholarship (2011)

Services: Academic society

Committee Board of the Engineering and Applied Science Forum (EASF) (2020.10.1-2021.03.30) 


A. Archive Journals (# Equal contribution, * corresponding author)

name. title. journal, year. dio

  1. G. Mao#*, D. Schiller#, D. Danninger, B. Hailegnaw, F. Hartmann, T. Stockinger, M. Drack, N. Arnold, M. Kaltenbrunner*, Ultrafast small-scale soft electromagnetic robots. Nature Communications, 13, 4456 (2022).
  2. T. Stockinger, D. Wirthl, G. Mao, M. Drack, R. Pruckner, S. Demchyshyn, M. Steiner, F. Egger, U. Müller, R. Schwödiauer, N. Arnold, M. Kaltenbrunner,  iSens: A Fiber-Based, Highly Permeable and Imperceptible Sensor DesignAdvanced Materials, 2021, 2102736.
  3. G. Mao*, W. Hong, M. Kaltenbrunner*, S. Qu*, A numerical approach based on finite element method for the wrinkling analysis of dielectric elastomer membranes, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 88(2021) 101007.
  4. F. Hartmann, M.  Jakešová, G. Mao, M. Nikic, M. Kaltenbrunner*, V. Derek*, E. Głowacki*. Scalable Microfabrication of Folded Parylene‐Based Conductors for Stretchable Electronics, Advanced Electronic Materials,  2021.
  5. G. Li#, X. Chen#, F. Zhou#, Y. Liang, Y. Xiao, X. Cao, Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, B. Wu, S. Yin, Y. Xu, H. Fan, Z. Chen, W. Song, W. Yang, B. Pan, J. Hou, W. Zou, S. He, X. Yang, G. Mao, Z. Jia, H. Zhou, T. Li*, S. Qu, Z. Xu, Z. Huang, Y. Luo, T. Xie, J. Gu, S. Zhu, W. Yang. Self-powered soft robot in the Mariana Trench, Nature, 2021,
  6. F. Greibich, R. Schwödiauer, G. Mao, D. Wirthl, M. Drack, R. Baumgartner, A. Kogler, J. Stadlbauer, S. Bauer, N. Arnold, and M. Kaltenbrunner, Elastocaloric heat pump with specific cooling power of 20.9 W g–1 exploiting snap-through instability and strain-induced crystallization. Nature Energy, 2021.
  7. X. Wang#, G. Mao#, J. Ge , M. Drack , G. S. C. Bermúdez , D. Wirthl , R. Illing , T. Kosub , L. Bischoff , C. Wang , J. Fassbender , M. Kaltenbrunner, D. Makarov. Untethered and ultrafast soft-bodied robots. Communications materials, 2020, [Press Report, Nature Review Materials, 科学网, 科技日报中新网Nature Aisa, APA-science]
  8. Z. Yu#, W. Bin# Ying, D. Pravarthana, Y. Li, G. Mao, Y. Liu, C. Hu, W. Zhang, P. He, Z. Zhong, S. Qu, R. Zhang,* J. Shang,* J. Zhu, and R. Li*, Stretchable Tactile Sensor with High Sensitivity and Dynamic Stability Based on Vertically Aligned Urchin-shaped Nanoparticles, Material Today Physics, 2020, DOI:
  9. G. Mao*, M Drack#, M. Karami-Mosammam#, D. Wirthl, T. Stockinger, R. Schwödiauer, M. Kaltenbrunner*. Soft electromagnetic actuators, Science Advances, (2020), DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc0251.[Press report: APA-Science]
  10. M. Baumgartner , F. Hartmann , M. Drack , D. Preninger , D. Wirthl , R. Gerstmayr , L. Lehner , G. Mao , R. Pruckner , S. Demchyshyn , L. Reiter , M. Strobel , T. Stockinger , D. Schiller , F. Greibich , G. Buchberger , E. Bradt , S. Hild , M. Kaltenbrunner*, S. Bauer. Resilient yet entirely degradable gelatin-based biogels for soft robots and electronics, Nature Material, 2020,
  11. G. Kettlgruber, D. Danninger, R. Moser, M. Drack, C. M. Siket, D. Wirthl, F. Hartmann, G. Mao, M. Kaltenbrunner*, S. Bauer. Stretch‐Safe: Magnetic Connectors for Modular Stretchable Electronics. Advanced Intelligent System, doi:10.1002/aisy.202000065.
  12. Y. Zheng#, Z. Yu#, G. Mao, Y. Li, W. Asghar, Y. Liu, S. Qu, J. Shang,* and R. Li*, A Wearable Capacitive Sensor Based on Ring/Disk‐Shaped Electrode and Porous Dielectric for Noncontact Healthcare Monitoring, Global Challenges, 2020, 4, 1900079
  13. Z. Han, P. Wang, G. Mao, T. Yin, D. Zhong, Y. Burebi, X. Hu, G. Nian,*,S. Qu,*, W. Yang, Dual pH-Responsive Hydrogel Actuator for Lipophilic Drug Delivery, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2020,
  14. R. Baumgartner, A. Kogler, J. M. Stadlbauer, C. Foo, R. Kaltseis, M. Baumgartner, G. Mao, C. Keplinger, S. Adrian Koh, N. Arnold, Z. Suo, M. Kaltenbrunner*, and S. Bauer, A Lesson from Plants: High‐Speed Soft Robotic Actuators, Advanced Science, 2020, doi:10.1002/advs.201903391.
  15. Y. Wang, Z. Yu, G. Mao, Y. Liu, G. Liu, J. Shang, S. Qu, Q. Chen and R.-W. Li, Printable Liquid-Metal@PDMS Stretchable Heater with High Stretchability and Dynamic Stability for Wearable Thermotherapy. Advanced Materials Technologies, 4 (2019), 1800435.
  16. X. Yi, Z. Yu, X. Niu, J. Shang, G. Mao, T. Yin, H. Yang, W. Xue, P. Dhanapal, S. Qu, G. Liu, and R.-W. Li, Intrinsically Stretchable Resistive Switching Memory Enabled by Combining a Liquid Metal–Based Soft Electrode and a Metal-Organic Framework Insulator. Advanced Electronic Materials, 5 (2019), 1800655.
  17. T. Yin, L. Wu, T. Wu, G. Mao, G. Nian, Z. Chen, X. Hu, P. Wang, Y. Xiang, H. Yu, S. Qu and W. Yang, Ultrastretchable and conductive core/sheath hydrogel fibers with multifunctionality, Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, 57 (2019), 272-280.
  18. J. Liu, Z. Chen, X. Liang, X. Huang, G. Mao, W. Hong, H. Yu, S. Qu, Puncture mechanics of soft elastomeric membrane with large deformation by rigid cylindrical indenter, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 112 (2018) 458-471.
  19. Y. Xiang, D. Zhong, P. Wang, G. Mao, H. Yu, S. Qu, A general constitutive model of soft elastomers, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 117 (2018) 110-122.
  20. G. Mao, L. Wu, Y. Fu, J. Liu, S. Qu, Voltage-controlled radial wrinkles of a trumpet-like dielectric elastomer structure, AIP Advances, 8 (2018) 035314.
  21. G. Mao, L. Wu, Y. Fu, Z. Chen, S. Natani, Z. Gou, X. Ruan, S. Qu, Design and Characterization of a Soft Dielectric Elastomer Peristaltic Pump Driven by Electromechanical Load, IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, 5 (2018) 2132-2143.
  22. G. Mao, Y. Xiang, X. Huang, W. Hong, T. Lu, S. Qu, Viscoelastic effect on the wrinkling of an inflated dielectric elastomer balloon, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 85 (2018) 071003.
  23. L. Wu, G. Mao, G. Nian, Y. Xiang, J. Qian, S. Qu, Mechanical Characterization and Modeling of Sponge-Reinforced Hydrogel Composites under Compression, Soft Matter, 14 (2018) 4355-4363.
  24. T. Li, Z. Zou, G. Mao, X. Yang, Y. Liang, C. Li, S. Qu, Z. Suo, W. Yang, Agile and resilient insect-scale robot, Soft Robotics, (2018), 6 (2018) 133-141.
  25. G. Mao, S. Qu, Review on the instability of dielectric elastomer structures and devices subjected to electromechanical loading, SCIENTIA SINICA Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica, 9 (2018), 094607 (In Chinese).
  26. G. Mao, L. Wu, X. Liang, S. Qu, Morphology of Voltage-Triggered Ordered Wrinkles of a Dielectric Elastomer Sheet, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 84 (2017) 111005-111001-111005.
  27. G. Mao, X. Huang, M. Diab, J. Liu, S. Qu, Controlling wrinkles on the surface of a dielectric elastomer balloon, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 9 (2016) 139-146.
  28. J. Liu, G. Mao, X. Huang, Z. Zou, S. Qu, Enhanced Compressive Sensing of Dielectric Elastomer Sensor Using a Novel Structure, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 82 (2015) 101004.
  29. G. Mao, X. Huang, M. Diab, T. Li, S. Qu, W. Yang, Nucleation and Propagation of Voltage-driven Wrinkles in an Inflated Dielectric Elastomer Balloon, Soft Matter, 11 (2015) 6569-6575.
  30. G. Mao, X. Huang, J. Liu, T. Li, S. Qu, W. Yang, Dielectric elastomer peristaltic pump module with finite deformation, Smart Materials and Structures, 24 (2015) 075026.
  31. G. Mao, T. Li, Z. Zou, S. Qu, M. Shi, Prestretch effect on snap-through instability of short-length tubular elastomeric balloons under inflation, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 51 (2014) 2109-2115.
  32. G. Mao, D. Liu, W. Chen, Thermo-elastic analysis of micro- and nano-scaled bilayer beams with weak interface, Chinese Quarterly of Mechanics, 55 (2014) 71-82 (in Chinese).
  33. T. Li, Z. Zou, G. Mao, S. Qu, Electromechanical bi-stable behavior of a novel dielectric elastomer actuator, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 81 (2013) 041019.

B. Patents (Selected)

  1. G. Mao, L. Wu, X. Liang, and S. Qu, an intelligent window with tunable transparency, Zhejiang University, Jan 27, 2017: CN107357053B
  2. G. Mao, X. Huang, J. Liu, and S. Qu, an artificial human heart, Zhejiang University, Jan 27, 2016: Under review by SIPO
  3. G. Mao, S. Qu, X. Huang, J. Liu, and T. Li, Soft Peristaltic Pump, Zhejiang University, July 8, 2015: CN104763620A

C. Conference (Selected)

  1. G. Mao, and M. Kaltenbrunner, “A Numerical Approach Based on Finite Element Method for the Wrinkling Analysis of Dielectric Elastomer Membranes”, 11th European Solid Mechanics Conference (ESMC 2022), July 4-8, 2022, Galway, Ireland.
  2. G. Mao, D. Schiller, M. Kaltenbrunner., “Soft electromagnetic robots”,
    Shaping the Future of Robotics through Materials Innovation, June15-18, 2022, Schloss Ringberg, Germany, (Poster)
  3. G. Mao, “Soft electromagnetic robots”, Engineering and applied science forum, August 16, 2020. (Webinar)
  4. G. Mao, L. Wu, X. Liang, and S. Qu, ” Analysis and application of voltage-triggered wrinkle of a dielectric elastomer membrane,” 54th Annual Technical Meeting of the Society of Engineering Science and ASME-AMD Joint Conference (SES 2017), July 25-28, 2017, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  5. G. Mao, T. Li, and S. Qu, ” Optimization of Tubular Dielectric Elastomer Peristaltic Pump,” The SPIE smart structures/NDE Symposium, March 8-12, 2015, San Diego, California, USA

D. Book Chapter

  1. G. Mao, S. Qu, Mechanics and Control of Smart Flexible Structures: R. Li, G. Liu (Eds.) Flexible and Stretchable Electronics: Materials, Design, and Devices, Pan Stanford Publishing, 2019.

S. Supervision

  1. Klaus Grasserbauer, bachelor thesis: hydrogel-based tactile sensor, 2020.

Services: Reviewer

  • Science Robotics
  • PNAS
  • Nature Communications
  • IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
  • IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
  • Advanced Materials Technologies
  • International Journal of Mechanical Sciences
  • Journal of Applied Mechanics
  • Research
  • IEEE RobotSoft
  • Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A